While there are dozens
of different types of orthopedics appliances, on this page we'll discuss some of
the more common types seen in podiatric practice:
are devices worn in the
shoes to control abnormal foot motion or function, to provide
stability, and / or to provide cushioning. It is commonly used
flat or pronated feet,
knee pain, low back pain, shin splints, and other musculoskeletal
problems. Quality orthoses are custom-made, not off-the-shelf
We have an
webpage devoted to orthoses.
||Ankle Foot Orthoses (AFO's)
There are a variety of types
of AFO's, but most are static unhinged supports used to support or
limit motion in the foot. The variety on the left is commonly
used for patients with "drop foot" (the inability to lift up the
foot at the ankle).
A Richie Brace is a sort of
combination between a standard functional orthosis and an AFO.
The weight-bearing surface is custom-made and is designed to control
foot motion, but the supports extending up the leg provide for more
stability. The device doesn't allow much side-to-side motion,
but it does allow for typical ankle motion. A Richie Brace is
hinged and used more to maintain motion more than an AFO. It
is commonly used for posterior tibial dysfunction, ankle
instability, arthritis, a charcot foot, tarsal coalitions,
tendinitis, and a drop foot.
A latex mould is a latex
rubber device used to redistribute weight away from a painful area
on the foot. It is commonly used for
bunions (bunion shield), or for
posterior heel spurs, for
hammertoes, or other bony bumps.