What kinds of burns are
Burns are classified as follows:
|1st Degree: Involves the outer-most layer
of skin (epidermis). Characterized by reddened flesh, with mild
swelling and pain. A sunburn or damage from touching a hot stove would
be examples of this category.
|2nd Degree: Involves the deeper layer of skin
(dermis). Characterized by red or blotchy skin, more severe edema and
pain. Blisters form. This type of burn is seen with
prolonged contact with hot objects and scalding with hot liquids.
|3rd Degree: Involves tissues deeper than the
skin--muscle, tendon, even bone. Characterized by white or burnt
flesh, with no pain because of nerve damage. This type of burn is
seen with fire and burns resulting from contact with power lines. |
do you treat burns?
|1st degree burns are treated by immersing the flesh
in cool water or applying clean, cool compresses. Pain can be controlled
with aspirin or other medications. An aloe vera ointment may also
be applied to cool the skin and help prevent blistering.|
|2nd degree burns should be treated by medical
personel. Cold water immersion or compresses are again advisable.
Blisters are not broken. If the area of burn is large enough, IV
fluids will be started to guard against dehydration. Antibiotics to
fight off infection may be considered.
|3rd degree burns require immediate medical
attention, as patients will probably need to be treated for shock. Until
that time, injured tissues should be cooled. If the area is small,
this is done with cold water, but if a large surface area, cold water can
worsen the patient's shock and lower blood pressure. Keep the patient
lying down, and cover the burned area with a clean bandage and get the
victim to a hospital immediately. |
shouldn't you do for a burn?
NEVER apply butter, cream, or ointment to a burn
without a doctor's order. They will likely have to be scraped off
(painfully) at the hospital before the patient may be treated.